Isfahan is one of the top tourist destinations and one of the largest historical cities in Iran. This city with its attractions such as Naghsh Jahan historical square, Sivaseh bridge, old mosques, etc., is always of interest to domestic and foreign tourists.
Isfahan is half of the world and with its historical monuments and having a pristine and beautiful nature, it has always been a memory for Iranians. This city arouses everyone's admiration and it is not possible for you to return dissatisfied with your trip to Isfahan. Isfahan's handicrafts, such as enameling, woodcarving, etc., adorn Iranian houses. In this article, we will introduce 20 interesting facts about this city:
1. Isfahan is the third-largest city in Iran after Tehran and Mashhad.
2. In 2015, Isfahan and Rasht were the first cities in Iran to join the World Creative Cities Network under UNESCO.
3. Naghsh Jahan Square, with a length of 560 meters and a width of 160 meters, is one of the largest squares in the world.
4. One of the old names of Isfahan is Sepahan; Some experts believe that during the Sassanid rule, this city was the gathering place of the armed forces, and the troops of the southern regions of Iran, such as Bakhtiari, Fars, etc. , gathered in this area before moving towards the battlefield. They called this place Espahan, and later the word became known as "Isfahan".
5. Another old name for Isfahan is "Al Yahudiyeh"; When Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon and saved the Jews from the captivity of its king, some of those Jews came to Iran and settled in this area.
6. In 1006 AH, Shah Abbas moved his capital from Qazvin to Isfahan; There were various reasons for this, and one of these reasons was Shah Abbas's great interest in the nature of Isfahan.
7. During the Safavid period, the city of Najafabad was built as a trading city to provide food for the city of Isfahan.
8. From the time of Shah Abbas I until the death of Shah Abbas II, Isfahan was considered the best city in the Middle East. During this period, Isfahan was even bigger and more beautiful than Constantinople (now Istanbul) and had 4 alleys (neighborhoods) with the letters of Abbasabad, Jolfa, Gabarabad, and Isfahan.
9. During the Qajar period and the rule of Massoud Mirza Zol-e-Sultan (son of Nasser al-Din Shah), more than 50 historical monuments and Persian gardens in Isfahan were destroyed.
10. Most of the historical monuments that remain in Isfahan belong to the Islamic era. Among the pre-Islamic buildings in Isfahan, we can mention the fire temple in Atashgah Mountain.
11. Isfahan was at the peak of its glory and beauty during the Seljuk and Safavid eras, and today its most magnificent monuments and historical monuments belonging to these eras.
12. Naghsh Jahan Square was built during the reign of Shah Abbas in Isfahan.
13. The ram and the ewe are known as the animal symbol of Isfahan.
14.One of the reasons why Isfahan is called "half the world" is that the city has more than six thousand historical monuments that are hundreds or even thousands of years old.
15. The third day of Ordibehesht (Around May), which is Sheikh Baha'i's birthday, has been named Isfahan's day.
16. Today, most Jews in Isfahan live on Ferdowsi Street, Amadagah, and Seyed Alikhan, but most of them have emigrated abroad.
17. Julfa is located in the south of Isfahan and is the area where most of the city's Armenians live.
18. Most of the churches in Isfahan are located in the Jolfa region.
19. Isfahan's Jolfa neighborhood is 400 years old and still retains its historical texture.
20. Isfahan's Hagop Church is the oldest church in the city.
21. Isfahan has 16 city sisters: Tabriz, Yazd, Neishabour, Xi'an in China, Kuala Lumpur, Florence in Italy, St. Petersburg in Russia, Yash in Romania, Barcelona in Spain, Yerevan in Armenia, Kuwait City in Kuwait, Freiburg in Germany, Havana in Cuba, Lahore in Pakistan, Dakar in Singapore, Baalbek in Lebanon.