10 historical Iranian baths
In the past, public baths like these 10 historical baths were not only a place for washing, they were also a kind of public place for some family and local gatherings, such as wedding and groom baths. In contrast to joys and celebrations, baths in history have sometimes been places of execution and assassination, the murder of Amir Kabir in Fin Kashan bath being one of the most important.
The architecture of the bathrooms also had a special shape; The bineh was a place for dressing and getting ready, the treasury was a place for washing and drinking water, and the ton was a fireplace that heated the water in the treasury. Over time, home bathrooms took their place in Iranian homes and public bathrooms were forgotten.
This time we have gone to 10 historical Iranian baths. Baths that were so beautiful and famous that fortunately they were not affected by accidents and were recorded in history, and today they breathe in the form of museums, restaurants, etc. If you know a bath in the city, town, or village that is still open or at least not damaged yet, write to us about it.
Ganjali Khan bathhouse in Kerman
This bath was built by the order of Ganj Ali Khan, the ruler of Kerman during the time of Shah Abbas Safavi, who did important construction works in Kerman. He first built a large square and around it built buildings such as a mosque, a school, a market, and a bathhouse. This complex has been like a place of gathering and entertainment in the center of the city. The dressing room of this bathroom has secluded corners, which are said to have been corners for solitude, conversation, and worship. This bathroom uses aqueduct water and has eye-catching tiles. Ganj Ali Khan's bath was an anti-earthquake building in its time. Today, this bath has become an anthropological museum.
Fin Kashan bath
Almost everyone knows Mam Fin, the famous bathhouse where Amir Kabir's vein was pierced and a part of Iran's history was turned. The Fin bath is located in the Fin garden of Kashan, which is a beautiful example of Iranian gardens. There are two large and small baths in the south of Fin Garden. The small bath was built during the Safavid period and the large bath was built during the Qajar period. In addition to the national register, this bath is registered in UNESCO.
Vakil's bathroom in Kerman
This bath, which was built in the Qajar era with the inspiration of Ganj Ali Khan's bath, has different sections and beautiful carvings like all the baths. Also, the sculpture of its ponds is very beautiful and special. This bathroom is currently a traditional restaurant and teahouse, and after exploring Kerman market, you can rest for an hour and have something to eat or drink.
This bath was built during the Timurid period and was renovated during the time of Muzaffaruddin Shah. One of the most spectacular parts of the bathroom is the beautiful tiling of the front door, where poems are written in Nastaliq script above the entrance door. The cultural heritage organization of the province restored this building in 1373 and it was opened to the public as an anthropology museum. The most important artefact kept in this museum is the bones of the mother and the fetus in her stomach. The age of these bones is estimated to be 4500 years.
In addition to being the largest historic bath in Iran, the Four Seasons Bath of Arak is the only bath that has a special section for religious minorities. It is said that the founder of this building saw a Jewish mother bathing her child outdoors in the winter and when he asked her, he found out that minorities do not have the right to use public bathrooms, so he considered a section for them so that they could use a covered and equipped bathroom.
Warm to Safa Qazvin
The great feature of this bath is that it is still used as a hot tub, that is, it has not become a museum, nor a restaurant or teahouse. This hot spring was built during the Qajar era and is located on Molavi Street in Qazvin. If you are one of these adventurous and adventurous tourists, bathing and dressing in this bathroom can be a unique experience. All the internal parts of this bathroom are made of exquisite marble and fortunately, it is registered in the list of national monuments.
Vakil's bathroom in Shiraz
This bath is part of a complex called Vakil in the heart of Shiraz city, which was built adjacent to the Vakil Mosque during the Zandiye period. The architecture of this bathroom was very advanced in its time and type. A part of this bath is dedicated to the king, which is called Shahneshin, and like all historical baths, it has beautiful carvings. This building is registered in the list of national monuments and today it is used as a museum.
Bath of Khan Yazd
Hammam Khan is a part of the complex that was built by the order of the ruler of Yazd during the Qajar era in Khan Square in Yazd. This bathroom has beautiful carvings, the paintings of the entrance part of which are inspired by the Shahnameh. The building of the bathhouse includes entrances, headroom, greenhouse and related spaces, as well as a swimming pool next to the greenhouse. Today, this building is used as a traditional restaurant and tea house.
Four Seasons Bath of Arak
The largest historic bathhouse in Iran is located on Beheshti Arak Street and was built during the Qajar era. Its patterned tilings are impressive, and in some of the patterns of this bath, nature of the four seasons can be seen, and that is the reason for its name. In addition to being the largest historic bath in Iran, the Four Seasons Bath of Arak is the only bath that has a special section for religious minorities. It is said that the founder of this building saw a Jewish mother bathing her child outdoors in the winter and when he asked her, he found out that minorities do not have the right to use public bathrooms, so he considered a section for them so that they could use a covered and equipped bathroom. Today, this bathroom is an anthropology museum.
Khan Kashan bath
Hamam Khan is located in Kashan Bazaar. This bathroom dates back to Varan Zandiye returns. The then ruler of Kashan city, Mirza Abd al-Razzaq, during his rule over Kashan city, tried a lot to improve the condition of this city and left many works, including Khan's bath. Hammam Khan today has a private owner and is open to the public.
Hammam of Haj Shahbaz Khan Kermanshah
This bath was built by the order of Haj Shahbaz Khan, the son of Manochehar Khan Biglarbeigi, one of the political and social dignitaries of the Qajar period in Kermanshah. Shahbaz Khan bathhouse is located in the old context of Kermanshah city, on Modares Street. Like many Qajar period baths, this bath also includes a dressing room, hot room, and hot and cold water tanks. The inner surfaces of its domes are made with Moqrans limestone, and the Sarbineh part is also decorated with wall paintings.