Interesting facts about Mashhad
Mashhad is one of the top tourist destinations in Iran. The tomb of Ali ibn Musa al-Reza (AS) shines like a shining jewel in the heart of this city and has caused the prosperity of Mashhad tourism industry.
Mashhad is one of the metropolises of Iran and is considered the center of religious tourism in the country. These days, tourists from neighboring countries also travel to Mashhad to use the health and medical facilities. All Shiites wish to travel to this city and visit the holy court of their eighth Imam.
If you are interested in learning more about the facts of Mashhad, stay tuned:
1. Mashhad, with an area of 328 square kilometers, is the second largest city in Iran after Tehran.
2. Mashhad economy is mostly based on the production and trade of saffron, barberry, cantaloupe, nuts and dried fruits, leather and carpet industry. However, due to the existence of the court of Ali ibn Musa al-Reza (AS), the tourism industry has a significant share in generating income for the people of this city.
3. In 2009, Mashhad was selected as the "spiritual capital of Iran".
4. Mashhad has been selected as the "Capital of Islamic Culture" in 2017.
5. After the martyrdom of Imam Reza (AS), he was buried in the tomb of Harouni in Sanabad. After that, they called it "Sanabad Noghan" of Mashhad Reza. Over time, this place expanded and the people of Toos moved here and it was named "Mashhad".
6. During the Afshari era, Mashhad was the capital of Iran.
7. During the Safavid period in Iran, there were only 13 cities of "Biglerbegi" and Mashhad was one of them. Biglerby was one of the military positions in Iran, which means the ruler and military commander of the great states and sometimes the commander-in-chief of the forces.
8. The Saqakhaneh in the middle of the courtyard of Imam Reza (AS) was built by the order of Nader Shah Afshar.
9. In the Pahlavi era, there was a plan according to which Mashhad was divided into two parts: religious-traditional (East Mashhad or Razavi) and tourist-modern (West Mashhad or Pahlavi), which was not realized with the Islamic Revolution.
10. Mashhad is known in the world as the pole of the ship with a choke.
11. Ferdowsi University of Mashhad was established in 1328 as the third university in Iran.
12. Mashhad has sisterhood agreements with the cities of Kuala Lumpur, Najaf, Mazar-e-Sharif, Lahore, Urumqi (Xinjiang China), Karachi, Santiago de Compostela (Spain), Karbala, Munich, Milan, Fresno (USA), Shandiz and Shiraz.
13. The only place where the bell is played in the whole world is the shrine of Imam Reza (AS).
14. Tinkering in the holy shrine of Imam Reza (AS) became popular during the Ghaznavid period and has continued to this day. During the year, except for the month of Muharram and Safar and the days of the martyrdom of the Imams, the bells are played with a special resonance minutes before sunrise.